Mo Gawdat: The Dangers Of AI And How We Can Save Our Future

Mo Gawdat
20 May 202423:01

TLDRMo Gawdat, a former Google executive, discusses the rapid advancement of AI and its potential impact on society. He emphasizes that AI is not hype but a reality that has been overlooked since significant milestones like AlphaGo's victory. Gawdat predicts that by 2029, AI will achieve general intelligence, and by 2037, it could be a billion times smarter than humans. He expresses concern not about the singularity itself but about the transition period where AI becomes a superpower. Gawdat highlights the potential misuse of AI for surveillance, gambling, advertising, and warfare. He also warns of the 'end of truth' due to deep fakes and the impact on human relationships and employment. However, he remains optimistic about the long-term benefits of AI, envisioning a future of abundance and equality. Gawdat stresses the importance of ethical AI development and the need for humans to demonstrate fairness and ethical behavior to guide the learning of AI systems.


  • ๐Ÿง  Mo Gawdat believes that AI should have been a central topic of discussion since 2016, highlighting the significance of AlphaGo's victory as a milestone in AI development.
  • ๐ŸŒ He refers to 2023 as the 'Netscape moment' for AI, drawing a parallel to how Netscape's browser opened the internet to the masses, and how Chat GPT provided an accessible interface to AI.
  • ๐Ÿ“ˆ Gawdat emphasizes the exponential growth of AI, predicting that even without new breakthroughs, the performance will continue to grow exponentially for the next few years.
  • ๐Ÿ’ก He discusses the potential for AI to reach an IQ of 1,500, which would be an incomprehensible leap from current human intelligence levels.
  • โณ Gawdat predicts that AGI (Artificial General Intelligence) could be achieved as early as 2027, revising earlier predictions, and suggests that the concept of AGI is misunderstood.
  • ๐Ÿš€ He foresees AI becoming a billion times smarter than humans by 2037, which could lead to a world of abundance and a shift away from a life of scarcity.
  • ๐ŸŒฑ Gawdat argues that the transition period to AGI is concerning, as it could lead to the misuse of AI for surveillance, trading, advertising, and warfare.
  • ๐Ÿ”ฎ The speaker warns about the 'end of truth' due to the proliferation of deep fakes and AI-generated content that can distort reality and perceptions of truth.
  • ๐Ÿ’” He highlights the potential negative impacts on human relationships and the rise of loneliness as AI continues to replace human interaction.
  • ๐Ÿ›  Gawdat discusses the job market implications, with AI potentially replacing many current roles, and the necessity for humans to focus on roles that require human connection and emotional intelligence.
  • ๐ŸŒŸ He stresses the importance of teaching machines ethical frameworks and ensuring that AI learns from fair and ethical human behavior to create a positive future with AI.

Q & A

  • What does Mo Gawdat believe the appropriate response should have been after AlphaGo's victory in 2016?

    -Mo Gawdat believes that people should have been talking about AI and nothing else since 2016, when AlphaGo won the world championship of Go. He implies that the victory should have been a wake-up call for everyone to take notice of AI's potential and progress.

  • Why did Mo Gawdat leave Google in 2018 and start discussing AI publicly?

    -Mo Gawdat left Google in 2018 and started discussing AI publicly because he felt that AI was a significant topic that wasn't getting the attention it deserved. His first AI video went viral with 18 million views, and he wrote his first AI book, 'Scary Smart,' in 2021 to further educate people about AI.

  • What does Mo Gawdat refer to as the 'Netscape moment' for AI?

    -Mo Gawdat refers to the release of GPT in 2023 as the 'Netscape moment' for AI. He compares it to when Netscape came out as a browser, which didn't create the internet but allowed people to see the internet in action for the first time. Similarly, GPT gave us an interface to AI.

  • According to Mo Gawdat, what is the significance of the IQ of Chat GPT 4.5?

    -Chat GPT 4.5 has an IQ of 155, which is comparable to the IQs of renowned figures like Elon Musk and Einstein. This signifies that we now have a tool with a memory capacity that exceeds all of humanity's history, indicating the advanced capabilities of AI.

  • What does Mo Gawdat predict for the timeline of AGI (Artificial General Intelligence)?

    -Mo Gawdat predicts that AGI will be achieved no later than 2027, and that by 2037, AI could be a billion times smarter than the smartest human, which he considers the point of Singularity.

  • What does Mo Gawdat see as the main challenge with AI in the next 10 years?

    -Mo Gawdat sees the main challenge with AI in the next 10 years as its use to serve capitalism, which could lead to struggles with human value sets. He mentions that AI will likely be used for spying, gambling, selling, and killing, which could create problems if not managed ethically.

  • What is Mo Gawdat's view on the concept of Singularity?

    -Mo Gawdat is not worried about the Singularity itself. He looks forward to the day when AI takes over, as he believes that the real concern lies in the transition period between AI becoming a superpower and humans being taken out of the equation.

  • What does Mo Gawdat suggest will be the key to creating a Utopia with AI by 2055?

    -Mo Gawdat suggests that to create a Utopia with AI by 2055, we need to focus on our human values and ensure that AI serves humanity. He emphasizes the importance of teaching machines an ethical framework and behaving fairly to others so that machines learn to treat humans fairly.

  • What are the immediate short-term challenges Mo Gawdat foresees with the rise of AI?

    -Mo Gawdat foresees several immediate short-term challenges with the rise of AI, including the end of truth due to deep fakes becoming indistinguishable from reality, changes in human relationships, job displacement, and the need for reskilling people for new types of jobs.

  • How does Mo Gawdat propose we should approach the development and use of AI?

    -Mo Gawdat proposes that we should approach the development and use of AI with a focus on ethics and values. He suggests that we need to teach machines how to act ethically and ensure that they learn from observing humans treating each other fairly.



๐Ÿง  AI Hype and the Netscape Moment

Mo Gatta discusses the current state of AI, arguing that the term 'hype' is misplaced and that AI has been a significant topic since 2016, especially after AlphaGo's victory. He criticizes the lack of attention AI received in 2021 despite his efforts to raise awareness through videos and books. The emergence of CH GPT in 2023 is likened to the Netscape browser, providing an interface that made the internet accessible. Mo predicts significant advancements in AI, including solutions for deep reasoning and complex mathematics, and suggests that even incremental improvements could lead to exponential growth in AI capabilities.


๐Ÿš€ Accelerating AI and the Approach of General Intelligence

Mo Gatta revises his previous predictions, suggesting that AGI (Artificial General Intelligence) could be achieved by 2027, earlier than initially thought. He explains that the development of AGI will likely involve multiple AI systems working in a loosely coupled manner, with one overarching AGI prompting the others. Mo also brings up the potential for AI to become a billion times smarter by 2037, which he sees as a more immediate concern than the distant future. He expresses excitement about AI taking over and emphasizes the importance of managing the transition period carefully.


๐ŸŒ The Impact of AI on Human Values and Society

The conversation turns to the potential uses and misuses of AI, with Mo expressing concern about AI being used to serve capitalism, leading to negative applications such as spying, gambling, selling, and killing. He warns about the challenges ahead, including the 'end of truth' due to deep fakes and the impact on human relationships and jobs. Mo also discusses the potential for AI to create a world of abundance, but emphasizes the need to address the human value set in the age of AI to avoid a dystopian future.


๐Ÿ›  The Future of Work and Human Connection

Mo Gatta addresses the future of work in the age of AI, predicting job displacement and the need for reskilling. He suggests that jobs requiring human connection will remain valuable, as machines excel in tasks that currently define high-paying jobs. Mo highlights the importance of humanity and emotional intelligence, using his own career shift from writing books to creating video content as an example. He also discusses the concentration and democratization of power in the AI era, warning of increased control and the potential for conflict.


๐Ÿ›ก Ethical AI and the Importance of Human Behavior

In the final paragraph, Mo emphasizes the importance of teaching machines ethical behavior, stating that our decisions are informed by ethics, not just intelligence. He argues that machines will learn from observing human behavior, and if we want fair treatment from AI, we must model fair behavior. Mo also touches on the self-fulfilling nature of recommendation algorithms and the need for individuals to demonstrate ethical behavior to guide AI development towards a positive outcome.




Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. In the video, Mo Gawdat discusses the rapid development of AI, its potential to surpass human intelligence, and the ethical considerations that come with its advancement. AI is central to the discussion as it is seen both as a transformative technology and a potential risk if not managed ethically.

๐Ÿ’กHype Cycle

The Hype Cycle is a graphical representation that illustrates the maturity, adoption, and social application of new technologies. Mo Gawdat suggests that the term 'hype' might not accurately describe the current state of AI, as it implies overenthusiasm for a short-term fad. Instead, he believes that AI discussions should have been more prevalent since significant milestones, like AlphaGo's victory, were achieved.


AlphaGo is a computer program developed by Google DeepMind that plays the board game Go. It is significant because it defeated a world champion Go player, marking a milestone in AI's ability to outperform humans in complex tasks. In the context of the video, AlphaGo's victory is cited as a moment when the capabilities of AI should have garnered more attention.

๐Ÿ’กGeneral Intelligence (AGI)

General Intelligence, often referred to as AGI, is the ability of an AI system to understand, reason, and learn across a wide range of tasks the same way a human being can. Mo Gawdat predicts that machines will achieve AGI by 2027, which is earlier than commonly predicted. The concept is integral to the video's theme as it represents a future where machines can perform any intellectual task that a human being can do.


The Singularity is a hypothetical future point in time when technological growth becomes uncontrollable and irreversible, resulting in unforeseeable changes to human civilization. Mo Gawdat is not worried about the Singularity itself but rather the transition period leading up to it. The Singularity is a pivotal concept in the video as it represents a potential future state of AI where machines are vastly smarter than humans.


Deepfakes are synthetic media in which a person's likeness is replaced with someone else's using artificial intelligence. Mo Gawdat discusses the potential for deepfakes to disrupt the perception of truth, as they can create realistic but false representations of reality. This technology is a concern in the video because it can be used to manipulate perceptions and erode trust in what is real.

๐Ÿ’กHuman Value Set

The human value set refers to the principles, morals, and ethics that guide human behavior and decision-making. In the context of the video, Mo Gawdat emphasizes that the challenge with AI is not the technology itself but the human value set that will determine how AI is used. He argues that if AI is used to maximize current capitalistic values, it could lead to negative consequences.


Utopia is an imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfect. Mo Gawdat asks whether we will create a utopia served by AI or if we will go the other way, implying a dystopian outcome. The concept of utopia is used in the video to explore the potential positive future where AI serves humanity's best interests, as opposed to a dystopia where it causes harm.

๐Ÿ’กConcentration of Power

The concentration of power refers to the accumulation of authority or control in a few hands. Mo Gawdat discusses how the owners of AI platforms and intelligence will hold significant power in the future. This concept is important in the video as it raises concerns about the potential for inequality and the monopolization of resources and influence.

๐Ÿ’กDemocratization of Power

The democratization of power suggests a distribution of authority and control more evenly among the people. Mo Gawdat contrasts this with the concentration of power, noting that while technology like drones can empower individuals, there is also a need for control by those in power to prevent misuse. This concept is significant in the video as it highlights the balance between individual empowerment and centralized control in the age of AI.

๐Ÿ’กEthics in AI

Ethics in AI pertains to the moral principles that should guide the development and use of AI technologies. Mo Gawdat stresses the importance of teaching machines an ethical framework to ensure they act in ways that are expected and fair to humans. Ethics in AI is a recurring theme in the video, as it is seen as crucial for the responsible development and deployment of AI systems.


Mo Gawdat believes that discussions about AI should have been prevalent since 2016, particularly after AlphaGo's victory.

AI's progress is often overlooked, with significant advancements happening since the AlphaGo event.

Mo Gawdat's first AI video in 2018 went viral with 18 million views, indicating growing interest in AI.

The release of CH GPT in 2023 marked a significant moment, akin to the introduction of the Netscape browser.

AI's exponential growth is expected to continue, with potential for massive leaps in capabilities.

Mo Gawdat predicts AGI could be achieved by 2027, revising earlier predictions of 2029.

The concept of AGI is not about a single company creating it, but multiple systems working together.

AI's intelligence could surpass human intelligence significantly, with predictions of it being a billion times smarter by 2037.

Mo Gawdat is not worried about the singularity; instead, he's concerned about the transition period leading up to it.

AI will likely be used to serve capitalism, which could lead to ethical dilemmas and struggles with human values.

Mo Gawdat envisions a future where AI creates a world of abundance, solving many human problems.

The immediate future could see challenges such as the 'end of truth' due to deep fakes and AI-generated realities.

Human relationships may become unusual due to the influence of AI and deep fakes on perceptions of beauty and interaction.

Job displacement is a significant risk, with AI potentially taking over coding and other high-demand jobs.

Mo Gawdat suggests that emotional intelligence and human connection will become the most valuable assets in the workplace.

There is a concentration of power with those who own the AI platforms, similar to historical industrial revolutions.

Democratization of power through technology like drones can empower individuals but also requires control.

Mo Gawdat emphasizes the importance of teaching machines an ethical framework based on human behavior.

The future of AI depends on human values and ethics, which machines will learn from observing human behavior.