# AI Can Do Maths Now, and it's Wild

TLDRThe video discusses the capabilities of Alpha Geometry, an AI developed by Deep Mind that can solve Olympiad-level geometry problems, outperforming the average human. It explores whether this represents a leap in AI reasoning and its potential impact on mathematics. The speaker provides a detailed analysis of one of the Olympiad problems solved by Alpha Geometry, critiquing the AI's solution process as meandering and lacking in elegance compared to human proofs. The video concludes with a broader reflection on AI's role in mathematics, emphasizing the importance of beauty and creativity in mathematical problem-solving, and expressing reservations about AI-generated proofs.

### Takeaways

- ๐ค AI has advanced to the point where it can now solve complex problems, such as Olympiad level geometry problems, with Alpha Geometry being a prime example.
- ๐ Deep Blue, Watson, and Alpha Go are notable examples of AI's capabilities in games, but Alpha Geometry represents a significant step towards practical problem-solving in mathematics.
- ๐ The script delves into the workings of Alpha Geometry, which consists of a language model and a symbolic deduction engine that work together to solve problems.
- ๐ Alpha Geometry's approach to problem-solving is likened to the human brain, with one part generating ideas and the other analyzing and deducing facts.
- ๐งฉ The script discusses a specific geometry problem from the 2008 International Mathematical Olympiad, showcasing Alpha Geometry's step-by-step solution process.
- ๐ While Alpha Geometry can solve problems, the script questions whether its solutions are truly a step forward in reasoning, given their meandering and sometimes redundant nature.
- ๐ค The video transcript compares human and AI approaches to problem-solving, suggesting that both can be haphazard and iterative in the search for a solution.
- ๐จ The author expresses concern that AI-generated proofs might lack the beauty and elegance often found in human-created mathematical proofs.
- ๐ The transcript contemplates the future of AI in mathematics, questioning whether it will lead to stagnation in creative problem-solving or a new era of discovery.
- ๐๏ธ The video concludes with a reflection on the cultural and aesthetic value of mathematical proofs, and the importance of maintaining human creativity in mathematics.
- ๐ The script emphasizes the importance of problem-solving in mathematics for its practical applications, theoretical development, and the beauty of the intellectual pursuit.

### Q & A

### What significant event in 1997 is mentioned in the script related to computer technology?

-In 1997, the computer Deep Blue defeated the highest-rated chess player, marking a significant milestone in computer technology.

### What is Alpha Geometry and what does it do?

-Alpha Geometry is an AI developed by Deep Mind that can solve Olympiad level geometry problems, outperforming the average human participant.

### How does Alpha Geometry's problem-solving process work?

-Alpha Geometry consists of two systems: a language model that suggests ideas and a symbolic deduction engine that makes geometrical deductions. They work together, with the first suggesting actions and the second confirming the geometrical validity of those actions.

### What is the significance of the AI's performance on the International Mathematical Olympiad problems?

-The AI's ability to solve International Mathematical Olympiad problems indicates its advanced reasoning capabilities and is seen as a step towards artificial general intelligence.

### What is the circumcircle of a triangle and what is its significance in the script?

-The circumcircle is a unique circle in which a triangle can be embedded, with its center known as the circumcenter. It is significant in the script as it is used in the explanation of one of the Olympiad problems solved by Alpha Geometry.

### What is an altitude in a triangle and why is it important in the script?

-An altitude is a line from a vertex of a triangle that meets the opposite side at a right angle. It is important in the script because it is used in the construction of the Olympiad problem that Alpha Geometry solves.

### What is the orthocenter of a triangle and how does it relate to the Olympiad problem discussed?

-The orthocenter is the point where all three altitudes of a triangle intersect. It is related to the Olympiad problem because the problem involves proving a property about points that are constructed using the orthocenter.

### What is the main critique of Alpha Geometry's problem-solving approach as presented in the script?

-The main critique is that Alpha Geometry's approach is meandering and lacks the elegance and insight often found in human-generated proofs. It appears to brute force its way to solutions rather than following a logical and enlightening path.

### What is the intersecting secant theorem mentioned in the script and how is it used?

-The intersecting secant theorem states that if two non-parallel secant lines meet at a point and cross a circle at different points, the products of the segments of the secants are equal. The converse is also true and is used in an alternative solution to the Olympiad problem discussed in the script.

### What are the three reasons given in the script for why we solve hard mathematical problems?

-The three reasons are: 1) Immediate practical value, where the solution has a direct impact on real-world problems. 2) The development of new theory or techniques that can be applied elsewhere. 3) The intrinsic beauty and inspiration derived from solving the problem, which contributes to our cultural understanding and appreciation of mathematics.

### What is the author's view on the future of AI in mathematics and its potential impact on the beauty of mathematical proofs?

-The author expresses concern that AI might solve mathematical problems without capturing the beauty and elegance of human-generated proofs, potentially leading to a loss in the cultural impact and inspiration that comes from appreciating the aesthetics of mathematics.

### Outlines

### ๐ค AI's Advancement in Solving Olympiad-Level Geometry Problems

The video discusses the capabilities of Alpha Geometry, an AI developed by Deep Mind, which can solve Olympiad-level geometry problems more effectively than the average human. The script delves into the AI's methodology, comparing it to human problem-solving approaches. It also questions whether this represents true reasoning and the potential impact on mathematics, setting the stage for a deeper analysis in the following paragraphs.

### ๐ Dissecting Alpha Geometry's Problem-Solving Process

This paragraph provides an in-depth look at how Alpha Geometry tackles a specific geometry problem from the 2008 International Mathematical Olympiad. It explains the AI's two-system approach involving a language model for suggesting ideas and a symbolic deduction engine for making logical deductions. The summary outlines the step-by-step process Alpha Geometry uses to prove that certain points lie on a circle, highlighting the AI's ability to mimic human problem-solving strategies.

### ๐ Critiquing Alpha Geometry's Proof and Its Implications

The script critiques Alpha Geometry's solution to the Olympiad problem, noting that while the AI successfully solved the problem, its proof was not as illuminating as a human's might be. It discusses the potential for AI to develop synthetic theorems and the possibility of AI discovering new results, but also raises concerns about the lack of generalization to other fields of study and the absence of immediate evidence for broader applicability.

### ๐ฏ The Future of AI in Mathematics and Problem Solving

This paragraph explores the broader implications of AI in mathematics, questioning whether AI's current capabilities can be generalized to other areas of study. It compares AI's approach to problem-solving in geometry to that of human mathematicians, suggesting that while AI can be impressive, it may lack the creativity and elegance found in human solutions. The discussion also touches on the potential for AI to solve unsolved mathematical problems and the cultural impact of such achievements.

### ๐ค The Role of AI in Assisting Mathematical Proofs

The script contemplates the role of AI in assisting with mathematical proofs, distinguishing between computer-assisted proofs that save time and AI-assisted proofs that might replace some creative aspects of problem-solving. It raises concerns about the potential loss of new theoretical developments and the cultural significance of mathematical beauty, arguing that AI-generated proofs may lack the aesthetic appeal that inspires mathematicians and the public alike.

### ๐จ The Cultural and Aesthetic Value of Mathematical Proofs

This paragraph emphasizes the cultural and aesthetic value of mathematical proofs, arguing that mathematics is not just about logic and utility but also about beauty and inspiration. It discusses the potential negative cultural impact if AI were to replace human mathematicians in discovering and proving theorems, suggesting that the beauty and creativity in mathematics might be lost. The speaker shares personal opinions on the importance of mathematical beauty and the role of AI in preserving it.

### ๐ Reflecting on AI's Impact and Encouraging Constructive Dialogue

In the concluding paragraph, the speaker reflects on the potential impact of AI on mathematics and encourages viewers to engage in respectful discussions about the topic. They acknowledge the achievements of Alpha Geometry while expressing concerns about the future of mathematical problem-solving and the cultural value of mathematical beauty. The speaker also thanks patrons for their support and invites viewers to subscribe and share the video.

### Mindmap

### Keywords

### ๐กDeep Blue

### ๐กWatson

### ๐กAlphaGo

### ๐กAlphaGeometry

### ๐กArtificial General Intelligence (AGI)

### ๐กLanguage Model

### ๐กSymbolic Deduction Engine

### ๐กInternational Mathematical Olympiad (IMO)

### ๐กCircumcircle

### ๐กOrthocenter

### ๐กCyclic Quadrilateral

### Highlights

AI has advanced to solve Olympiad level geometry problems, showcasing a leap in AI reasoning.

Alpha Geometry, developed by Deep Mind, outperforms the average human in solving geometry problems.

The system combines a language model with a symbolic deduction engine for problem-solving.

Alpha Geometry's approach is likened to the human brain's right and left hemispheres working together.

The AI's solution process for the International Mathematical Olympiad problem is examined.

A detailed explanation of triangle properties and concepts like circumcircle and orthocenter is provided.

Alpha Geometry's solution to a 2008 Olympiad problem is dissected, revealing its step-by-step methodology.

The proof's redundancy and meandering nature is critiqued for lack of elegance.

A comparison is made between Alpha Geometry's solutions and human problem-solving approaches.

The potential of AI to develop new synthetic theorems and its implications for mathematics are discussed.

Concerns are raised about AI's ability to generalize its problem-solving skills beyond specific domains.

The cultural and aesthetic value of mathematical proofs and the role of AI in this context are debated.

The video argues for the importance of beauty in mathematics and its potential loss with AI-generated proofs.

AI's current limitations in capturing the beauty and creativity of mathematical problem-solving are highlighted.

The future of AI in mathematics, including its potential to solve unsolved problems, is explored.

A call for tempered excitement about AI's achievements in mathematics, focusing on their practical applications.

The video concludes with a reflection on the cultural impact of AI on the beauty and creativity of mathematics.