20 Art Terms you Should be Using in Midjourney AI

Making AI Magic
8 Mar 202307:57

TLDRThe video script introduces 20 artistic styles and mediums to enhance AI-generated images. It covers diverse styles like chiaroscuro, tenebrism, grizzai, and vaporwave, offering creative ways to incorporate light, shadow, and color. Techniques like impasto, pentimento, diffusion, and deconstructivism add depth and complexity. The script also explores textures with filigree and scrafito, and introduces cultural styles like Yuki-e and Aboriginal dot painting. It encourages viewers to experiment with these terms for unique visual outcomes, blending styles for a distinctive artistic edge.


  • ๐ŸŽจ Kieroscuro and tenebrism are terms used to describe the use of light and dark to create 3D effects and dark, mysterious scenes.
  • ๐ŸŒˆ Prism-like effects can be achieved with the term 'squill', focusing on light and dark contrasts with deep shadows.
  • ๐Ÿบ Grizzai is a style that uses monochromatic shades of gray or can be requested in colorful variations for sculptural looks.
  • ๐ŸŽถ Dark synth represents a retro, futuristic, and deconstructed aesthetic inspired by 1980s electronic music.
  • ๐ŸŒŠ Vaporwave is a digital art style characterized by neon lighting, pastel colors, and influences from 1980s-1990s computer graphic design.
  • ๐Ÿ’Ž Prismatic prompts result in images with facets of color, gem-like structures, and hard or soft edges and color blends.
  • ๐ŸŒซ Fomato introduces smoke effects into images, while impasto suggests bold colors and thick, textured brush strokes.
  • ๐Ÿ”„ Pentimento and diffusion involve layering and revealing of images, creating depth and complexity or unique patterns and abstract pieces.
  • ๐Ÿ—๏ธ Deconstructivism in art suggests fragmentation and radical freedom of form, leading to unsettling and perplexing structures.
  • ๐Ÿ’  Fractals are infinitely complex, never-ending patterns that can be used to create intricate and detailed geometric designs.
  • ๐ŸŒธ Filigree and scrafito refer to delicate and textured metalwork and cutting away techniques, respectively, to reveal color and depth.

Q & A

  • What does the term 'kieroscuro' refer to in the context of artistic styles?

    -Kieroscuro refers to the use of light and dark to create a sense of volume and three-dimensionality in an artwork. It originates from the Italian words for 'light' (chiare) and 'dark' (oscuro), and is often used to produce dramatic effects with strong contrasts between illuminated areas and deep shadows.

  • What is the significance of the term 'tenebrism' in art?

    -Tenebrism is an artistic style that emphasizes the use of dark, gloomy, and mysterious lighting effects. It is often associated with the works of Caravaggio and is characterized by the use of stark contrasts between light and shadow, creating a dramatic and intense atmosphere in the artwork.

  • How does the style 'prismatic' influence the visual outcome in AI-generated images?

    -The prismatic style in AI-generated images refers to the use of facets of color, similar to how a rainbow would split through a prism. This results in vibrant and multicolored visuals that often have a geometric or gem-like structure, with hard edges or softly blended colors and edges to create distinct outlines and forms.

  • What is 'impasto' and how does it affect the texture of a painting?

    -Impasto is a painting technique where the paint is applied in thick layers, often with visible brushstrokes, to create a rough, textured surface. This technique gives the artwork a three-dimensional quality and a sense of depth, as the thick paint can create a tactile impression of the subject matter.

  • Can you explain the 'pentimento' effect in art?

    -Pentimento, derived from the Italian phrase 'pentirsi di', meaning 'to repent' or 'to change one's mind', is a term used in art to describe a technique where the top layer of an artwork is partially removed or scraped away to reveal the underlying image. This creates a sense of depth and complexity, and can sometimes result in a double exposure effect.

  • What does the term 'deconstructivism' refer to in the context of art and architecture?

    -Deconstructivism is an artistic and architectural style that emphasizes fragmentation and challenges traditional forms and structures. It often results in designs that appear to be pulled apart or deconstructed, creating a sense of instability and complexity. The style encourages radical freedom of form and can produce unsettling and perplexing structures.

  • How does the 'fractal' style influence the patterns in AI-generated images?

    -The fractal style in AI-generated images refers to the use of infinitely complex, never-ending patterns that are intricate and detailed geometric shapes. Fractals can be used to create abstract patterns or serve as a texture in the artwork. They are often self-similar across different scales, mimicking the patterns found in nature, like the structure of a snowflake or a tree branch.

  • What is the 'Yukio-e' style and how does it differ from other Japanese art forms?

    -Yukio-e is a type of colorful, stylized Japanese woodblock print, which translates to 'pictures of the floating world'. This art form is characterized by its flat perspective and idealized portrayal of characters and scenes. It often features distinctive elements of traditional Japanese culture, with subjects depicted in an aestheticized and sometimes romanticized manner.

  • How does the 'encaustic' painting technique affect the appearance of an artwork?

    -Encaustic painting is a technique that uses heated beeswax mixed with pigments to create a textured and layered surface. The use of wax and heat allows for the incorporation of various materials into the artwork, and the technique often results in vibrant colors and a rich, tactile surface with visible brushstrokes and layers.

  • What is the 'wabi-sabi' aesthetic and how does it manifest in art?

    -Wabi-sabi is a Japanese aesthetic principle that finds beauty in imperfection and transience. It embraces the natural cycle of growth, decay, and death, and values the imperfect, impermanent, and incomplete. In art, wabi-sabi may manifest as gritty, muted textures with cracked and broken elements, focusing on the simple and unadorned aspects of life.

  • How can combining different artistic styles, such as 'tenebrism, grisai, dark synth, vaporwave, and prismatic', affect the final image generated by AI?

    -Combining various artistic styles can result in a unique and multifaceted visual outcome. For instance, a prompt that includes tenebrism, grisai, dark synth, vaporwave, and prismatic may lead to an image with dramatic lighting, monochromatic or neon colors, a retro-futuristic vibe, and vibrant, multicolored patterns. The AI will attempt to integrate these elements to create a cohesive and stylistically rich piece of art.



๐ŸŽจ Artistic Styles for AI Image Prompts

This paragraph introduces a variety of artistic styles and mediums that can be used with AI image prompts to enhance the visual appeal of the generated images. It discusses styles like Kieroscuro and Tenebrism for light and shadow effects, Grizzai for monochromatic and colorful sculptures, and Dark Synth for a retro-futuristic look. The paragraph also covers Vaporwave, Prismatic for rainbow-like color facets, Impasto for bold colors and textures, and Pentimento for layered effects. It further explores Diffusion for abstract patterns, Deconstructivism for fragmented structures, Fractal for intricate geometric patterns, Filigree for delicate metalwork textures, Scrafito for depth and movement, Gross Graffito for stylized Asian elements, and special effects like Encaustic, Kinetic Art, Op Art, Aboriginal Dot Painting, Feng Shui, and Wabi-Sabi for unique aesthetic touches.


๐ŸŒŸ Combining Styles for Unique AI Imagery

The second paragraph delves into the possibility of combining various artistic styles to create one-of-a-kind AI imagery. It suggests pairing Encaustic with Fractal and Diffusion for a distinctive look and even further combining Tenebrism, Grisai, Dark Synth, Vaporwave, Prismatic, and other styles for a truly unique visual experience. The paragraph encourages experimentation with these stylistic terms to achieve a personalized and innovative aesthetic in AI-generated art, inviting users to share their creative uses of these terms in the comments section.



๐Ÿ’กArtistic Styles

Artistic styles refer to the unique and distinctive ways in which artists create their visual works. In the context of the video, these styles are used as prompts for AI-generated images, allowing creators to explore diverse visual aesthetics and add an eye-catching edge to their artworks. The video introduces a variety of styles, each with its own characteristics, such as Kieroscuro and Tenebrism, which use light and shadow to create depth and drama.


In the video, 'Mid-Journey' seems to refer to a process or platform where artists can input prompts based on artistic styles and mediums, which then generates corresponding visual content. This tool recognizes artistic terms and helps creators achieve a specific aesthetic in their images, suggesting a collaborative journey between the artist and the AI in creating visually striking works.


Kieroscuro is an artistic technique that involves the use of strong contrasts between light and dark to create a sense of three-dimensionality in a two-dimensional image. It is derived from Italian words meaning 'light and dark.' In the video, this technique is recommended for those looking to add depth and drama to their AI-generated images, simulating the play of light and shadow to enhance the visual impact.


Tenebrism is an artistic style characterized by the use of dramatic, dark shadows and strong contrasts in lighting to create a sense of mystery and depth. The term originates from the Italian word 'tenebroso,' meaning dark and gloomy. In the context of the video, using the term 'tenebrism' in AI image prompts results in images with a mysterious and atmospheric quality, often with obscured or obscured elements.


Grizzai is an artistic style that typically employs a monochromatic palette, often in shades of gray, to create visually striking sculptures. The term seems to be derived from the Italian word 'grigio,' which means gray. In the video, requesting 'grizzai' in an AI image prompt results in sculptures with a focus on grayscale, although the option for colorful variations is also mentioned, referred to as 'colorful Grizz.'


Vaporwave is a digital art style inspired by 1980s and 1990s electronic music and computer graphic design. It is characterized by the use of neon lighting, pastel colors, and often includes elements like geometric shapes and the depiction of consumer culture in a surreal or dreamlike manner. In the video, using the term 'vaporwave' in AI image prompts is suggested to give the images a colorful, retro-futuristic, and deconstructed appearance.


Prismatic refers to the splitting of light into its constituent colors, much like how a rainbow is formed when light passes through a prism. In the context of the video, adding 'prismatic' to an AI image prompt results in images with facets of color and a gem-like structure, giving the impression of a spectrum of colors and adding a vibrant, multifaceted quality to the artwork.


Impasto is a painting technique where thick layers of paint are applied to a canvas, often with visible brushstrokes, creating a rough, textured surface. The term comes from the Italian word for 'paste' and is associated with bold colors and a three-dimensional quality in art. In the video, requesting 'impasto' in an AI image prompt would result in images with a strong, textured appearance and a sense of depth due to the layering of colors.


Pentimento, derived from the Italian word for 'repentance' or 'change of mind,' is an artistic technique where the top layer of an image is partially removed or altered to reveal the underlying layers. This creates a sense of depth, complexity, and sometimes even a double exposure effect. In the video, using 'pentimento' in AI image prompts suggests a desire for layered and complex visual narratives.


Diffusion in the context of art refers to the process of spreading and mixing colors and other elements to create unique and interesting patterns. It is often used to create abstract pieces, as the unpredictable results of the diffusion process can lead to stunning visuals. In the video, requesting 'diffusion' in an AI image prompt suggests an interest in abstract art with a focus on the natural blending and movement of colors.


Deconstructivism is an architectural and artistic movement that emphasizes fragmentation and the breaking apart of traditional forms. It challenges conventional ideas of structure and aesthetics, often resulting in complex, unsettling, and perplexing designs. In the video, using 'deconstructivism' in AI image prompts suggests a desire for images that convey a sense of disintegration and radical freedom of form.


A fractal is a complex, never-ending pattern that can be infinitely repeated at different scales. Fractals are often associated with intricate, detailed geometric shapes, such as the patterns found in a snowflake. In the video, requesting 'fractal' in an AI image prompt suggests an interest in images with intricate, repeating patterns and a sense of infinite complexity.


Filigree is a delicate metalwork technique where metal is twisted and woven to create intricate textures and details. It often features loops, swirls, and geometric designs, resulting in lacy patterns. In the context of the video, using 'filigree' in AI image prompts suggests a desire for images with detailed, textured elements that mimic the appearance of fine metalwork.


20 Artistic Styles and mediums for AI image prompts

Kieroscuro for light and dark 3D effect

Tenebrism for dark, gloomy, and mysterious style

Chiaroscuro and tenebrism for spotlight areas with deep shadows

Grizzai for monochromatic or colorful sculptures

Dark synth for a dark retro futuristic look

Vaporwave for 1980s and 1990s computer graphic design

Prismatic for rainbow split through prism effect

Impasto for bold colors with thick brush strokes

Pentimento for layered and complex images

Diffusion for spreading and mixing colors and elements

Deconstructivism for fragmentation and radical freedom of form

Fractal for infinitely complex, never-ending patterns

Filigree for intricate metalwork textures and designs

Sgraffito for cutting away surface layer to expose color underneath

Yukino for stylized Japanese wood block prints

Encaustic for layered painting with heated beeswax and paint

Kinetic art for motion and movement in images

Op art for optical illusions and hidden images

Aboriginal dot painting for intricate designs with colorful dots

Feng shui for circular compositions and natural balance

Wabi-sabi for finding beauty in imperfection and the cycle of life